Title: Late Medieval Doctrine of the Body and the Judgment as seen in Dante’s Divine Comedy
Thesis: I will show how certain passages in Inferno and Purgatorio are better understood when the reader sees them in the context of Medieval eschatology, especially the view of the fate of the body.
Ciardi, John. Notes with The Divine Comedy (1954). (New York: New American Library, 1954). In general, I have found Ciardi’s explanatory notes on the historical characters of the Comedy very helpful at times.
Lindheim, Nancy. “Body, Soul, and Immortality: Some Readings in Dante’s Commedia.” MLN, vol. 105, no. 1, 1990, pp. 1–32. url = http://www.jstor.org/stable/2905121. Accessed 27 January 2021. Lindheim focuses especially on the wood of the suicides in Inferno XIII and the discussion with Solomon in Purgatorio XXV, to argue that Dante accepted an Aristotelian view of the body and soul as a hylomorphic unity rather than a Platonic disunity. Characters in the Comedy are awaiting reunification with their bodies on Judgment Day. Thus, the body itself has an important role to play in the Dante’s hope.
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth. Notes with The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri (1867). url = https://en.wikisource.org./wiki/_Divine_Comedy_(Longfellow_1867)/Volume_1/. As with Ciardi above, I have found Longfellow’s notes very helpful at times, especially on the literary background references.
Makosa, Pawel. “The Roman Catholic Church’s Late Medieval Teaching on Eschatology as the Basis for Visual Catechesis.” Rocznik Teologii Katolickiej. January 2019. 18:139-151. url = https://www.researchgate.net/publication/340098493_The_Roman_Catholic_Church’s_Late_Medieval_Teaching_on_Eschatology_as_the_Basis_for_Visual_Catechesis/link/5e81c507299bf1a91b8a4e95/download. Makosa explains the official statements of the Magesterium at the end of the Middle Ages, particularly how the body figures into the eternal judgment.
New American Standard Bible (La Habra, California: The Lockman Foundation, 1995). I will quote from the Bible when referencing the Church’s doctrines regarding the fate of the body after death.
Ruud, Jay. Critical Companion to Dante. (New York: Facts on File Inc., 2008). I hope that Ruud’s Companion will provide some good historical information about the eschatological doctrines in Dante’s context as he writes the Comedy.